Diverse coffee roast types can ignite different bean flavors in addition to the origin and growing conditions of the coffee bean. The internal temperature that the bean reaches throughout the roasting process determines these flavors as well as the bean’s color. Light roasts are produced by keeping the beans at lower internal temperatures whereas dark roasts do the opposite. Less caffeine, acidity, and original flavors are present in roasts that are lighter in color.
For coffee beans to achieve their ideal aroma, acidity, body, and flavor, a special combination of temperature and time is necessary.
It’s up to you to choose between a light roast and a dark roast based on your personal preferences. Personal preference determines whether someone prefers strong coffee or a gentler flavor. To make it easier for you to choose the flavor that’s right for you, we’ve compiled a list of each roast’s attributes below.
Different Coffee Roasts and Their Characteristics
Light roast coffee
- Light in Color: Coffee beans that have undergone a light roasting process have a light tan color and are dry, with no evidence of surface oils. Darker roasted coffee beans, on the other hand, are glossy and have a darker hue.
- Mild Flavor: Light roast coffee has a mild flavor because it is roasted at a lower temperature, allowing the coffee’s natural flavors and acids to come through. In comparison to darker roasts, it is also less bitter and has a more delicate flavor.
- High Acidity: Light roast coffee has a high acidity content, which adds to the beverage’s zesty and lively flavor profile. The acidity of the coffee may also give it a crisper, more crisp flavor on the palate.
- Caffeine Content: Compared to darker roasts, light roast coffee contains more caffeine. Lighter roasts have more caffeine since the roasting process breaks down the caffeine in the coffee beans.
Examples of Light Roast Coffee
- Cinnamon Roast: This light roast variety of coffee is renowned for its soft, delicate flavor, which includes hints of nutmeg and cinnamon.
- Blonde Roast: The term “blonde roast” refers to a light coffee roast that has a smooth, mellow flavor and a light color. For people who prefer a gentle, non-bitter cup of coffee, this variety is perfect.
- Light City Roast: The light color, high acidity, and bright flavor of this light roast coffee kind are its distinguishing features. For coffee lovers who wish to taste the coffee’s inherent flavors and fragrances, light city roast coffee is a popular option.
Medium roast coffee
- Color: Medium roasts often have a light brown color and some oil spots that are visible on the surface of the beans. There will be minor fluctuations in the shade of brown, making them less consistent in appearance than darker roasts and lighter in color.
- Aroma: Medium roasts provide a sweet, mild aroma that frequently combines notes of caramel, chocolate, and nuts. They smell gentler, more refined, and less acrid than darker roasts.
- Flavor: Medium roasts have a balanced flavor that combines bitterness and sweetness. They are less powerful or overbearing and have a gentler flavor profile than darker roasts. The coffee will have a smooth and tidy finish, and it frequently has notes of almonds, chocolate, and caramel.
- Caffeine Content: Medium roasts are a fantastic option for coffee consumers who prefer a gentler, less potent cup of coffee.
Examples of Medium Roast coffee
- Colombian Supremo: This well-liked medium roast is renowned for its mellow, well-balanced flavor. Supremo from Colombia is frequently said to as having overtones of nuts, chocolate, and a slight sweetness.
- Sumatra Mandheling: This medium roast is well-known for its full-bodied, rich flavor profile, which is sometimes characterized as having overtones of chocolate and a subtle earthiness.
- Mexican Altura: A medium roast with a smooth and mild flavor profile, Mexican Altura is popular. It’s common to hear people describe this coffee as having mildly sweet and nutty overtones.
- Brazilian Santos: This medium roast is renowned for having a flavor profile that is both smooth and well-balanced. It’s common to hear people describe this coffee as having mild nuttiness and chocolate undertones.
Medium dark roast coffee
Medium-dark roasts are characterized by their rich, bold, and well-balanced flavors. The beans are roasted to a temperature between 210°C to 220°C, which is higher than medium roasts but lower than dark roasts.
Examples of Medium Dark Roast coffee
- Colombian Supremo: One of the world’s greatest coffee-growing regions, Colombia produces Colombian Supremo, a medium-dark roast. The coffee has a strong flavor profile with a full-bodied finish and a rich, sweet scent. The coffee is a favorite among drinkers looking for a robust, rich coffee because of its overtones of chocolate, caramel, and almonds.
- Brazilian Santos: Produced in Brazil, the world’s largest producer of coffee, Brazilian Santos is a medium-dark roast. The coffee has a full-bodied finish, a rich, smooth flavor profile, and a balanced acidity and bitterness. Coffee is a favorite among coffee drinkers looking for a well-rounded cup of coffee because of its distinctive overtones of chocolate, almonds, and spices.
- Sumatran Mandheling: Produced in Indonesia’s Sumatra province, Sumatran Mandheling is a medium-dark roast. The coffee has a strong flavor profile with a full-bodied finish and a rich, earthy scent. Coffee is a favorite among coffee drinkers looking for a distinctive and rich brew because of its flavors of chocolate, spices, and soil.
Dark roast coffee
- Strong and Intense Flavor: Dark roast coffee has a strong and intense flavor that is frequently characterized as smoky, bitter, or burnt. This is a result of the extended roasting time, which leads to increased oil release and caramelization from the coffee beans, giving the coffee a richer and more distinct flavor.
- Dark Color: Contrary to what its name might imply, dark roast coffee has a dark color that can range from deep brown to nearly black. As the coffee beans caramelize and darken, the longer roasting time also contributes to this dark color.
- Thick Body: The oils and sugars that are released throughout the roasting process give dark roast coffee its thick body. For those who prefer a robust coffee, this broader body provides the beverage with a richer, full-bodied flavor.
- Low Acidity: Compared to lighter roasts, dark-roasted coffee has lower acidity. The prolonged roasting period results in the coffee beans losing part of their acidity, giving the beverage a smoother and less bitter flavor.
Examples of Dark Roast coffee
- French Roast: One of the darkest roasts available, this one is distinguished by a strong, smoky flavor. The beans are roasted until they are nearly black and are prized for their substantial body and low acidity.
- Italian Roast: This dark roast is renowned for its strong, flavorful aroma as well as its silky, velvety texture. Longer roasting of the beans produces a cup of coffee that is robust and full-flavored.
- Espresso Roast: To make espresso, hot water is pushed through finely-ground coffee beans. Espresso roasts are distinguished from other roasts by their deeper color and powerful, robust flavor.
- American Roast: American roasts are distinguished by their rich, strong flavor and full body. They are a wonderful option for individuals seeking a robust and tasty cup of coffee because they are often a little lighter than other dark roasts.
Now that we are familiar with the various roasts, let’s review what we just learned. More acidity and caffeine will be present with a lighter roast. Light roasts are dry, and dark roasts are frequently oily. The more time the beans are roasted, the more their initial flavor is lost and they begin to taste like the roasting process. Finally, the coffee’s body gets heavier until the “second crack,” after which it becomes thinner once more.